Originally from Siberia, the Chukchi people originally bred the Siberian Husky for use as a sled dog, as well as for herding reindeer. In 1909, the first group of Siberian Huskies was brought to Alaska to compete in the All-Alaska Sweepstakes long-distance races. Later, during the winter of 1925, a diphtheria epidemic in the isolated town of Nome, Alaska, brought a relief team of dogs to deliver the life-saving serum. This event brought national attention to the Siberian husky. Leonhard Seppala, a driver for one of the dog teams, took his Huskies on a tour of the United States. While in New England, Seppala and her dogs competed in sled races, again proving the superiority of the Siberian Husky.
In 1930, the AKC (American Kennel Club) recognized the Siberian Husky and included it in the category of Workgroup.
The Siberian husky is fast and graceful with a seemingly effortless gait. This breed is capable of carrying a light load at moderate speed over long distances.
Considered a medium-sized dog, the Siberian Husky averages 21 to 23 ½ inches and weighs between 35 and 60 pounds. They have a thick, double-layered, medium-length coat that acts as an insulator from both cold and heat. Siberian Huskies come in a wide variety of colors, from pure white, solid black, and dark gray to a combination of two or more. A variety of head markings are common.
The eyes of a Siberian husky can be blue, brown, amber, or a combination. Eyes that are half blue and half brown are known as partial eyes. Having one blue eye and one brown eye is called “big eyes.”
The Siberian husky has a wonderfully sociable, friendly, playful, and gentle temperament. They can also be stubborn and mischievous. This breed is highly intelligent, although its inherent stubbornness and independence can make training difficult. Patience and perseverance are key in this breed.
Not known to be a one-man dog, the Siberian Husky will bond well with the whole family. The Siberian husky is not afraid of strangers, does not have the possessive qualities of a guard dog, and does not tend to bark. Consequently, this breed is not a good watchdog.
The Siberian husky does not like to be left alone. While they don’t tend to bark, they will whine and howl when bored. If you plan to buy a Siberian husky but work long hours, you may want to consider buying a pair so that they will keep each other for company. The nature of this breed makes them like herd life.
Siberian Huskies are good around other dogs, especially if they are raised together. However, Husky’s predatory instincts are strong. Small animals, such as squirrels, rabbits, guinea pigs, birds, and even cats, are potential victims of this breed. They are fast and patient hunters.
Siberian Huskies love to run and make excellent jogging companions. The combination of his love of running and his predatory nature can be dangerous if left unattended. This breed should always be kept on a leash or within a fenced yard.
The Siberian Husky requires little regular grooming and does not tend to shed much. However, twice a year, over the course of two to three weeks, this breed will lose most or all of its undercoat. At that time, they should be brushed regularly to remove dead hair.
Siberian Huskies are healthy breeds with few breed-specific problems. Two things to watch out for with this breed are hip dysplasia and eye problems (such as juvenile cataracts). Their average life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.